Nevitt Sanford, and Daniel J.
Madness Is Civilization: When the Diagnosis Was Social, 1948-1980
Levinson to publish The Authoritarian Personality, in which they explored the relationship between personality and political values. This chapter examines the explosion of interest in all things psychological in postwar America in the context of lessons taken from World War II. The emergence of family-focused theories to explain the onset of schizophrenia came at a time when a biological etiology for mental illness had yet to be discovered. Suffering from Contingencies - Michael E.
It argues that Asylums marked a significant moment in the ideological turn by which an originally right-wing paranoia about mental vulnerability could be exploited for progressive politics. The Therapeutic State - Michael E.
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It was the subject of a scathing commentary written in by psychiatrist Thomas Szasz, who mocked the legal process from start to finish. Szasz, an expert on psychosomatic disorders, had been calling into question the unstable boundaries between psychiatry and the law for years, and argued that the label of madness served as a means to punish nonconformists. This chapter examines his views within their historical context and their implications not only for the advocacy of disability rights but also for the nascent movements such as those that promote feminism and gay and lesbian equality before the law.
The Insanity Trip - Michael E. This was also the period when madness was equated with purification, when deliberately going crazy could result in improved mental and emotional health and well-being. The popular arts and academic disciplines were dominated by themes of the supposedly liberatory elements of derangement and mental illness. During the second half of the s, many radicals believed that society had gone crazy and that resisting the madness was the only sane response—even if it meant being labeled mentally ill.
Radicals often saw mainstream psychiatry as an enterprise that must be vigorously resisted. By the early s, they were arguing that many mental health services advocated and supported by more conventionally liberal therapists, particularly community mental health programs, were repressive rather than beneficent.
Person Envy - Michael E. Feminists criticized the disciplines of psychology and psychiatry, insisting that it was society which made persons—and especially women—sick. The early s, however, saw another extremely more influential and divergent strand of antipsychiatric thinking. Popular psychological self-help books promised greater joy and self-fulfillment, and constituted antipsychiatry for the masses. Feminist therapy and pop psychology both sought to democratize counseling and therapy, yet feminism and feminist therapy still always offered a social diagnosis of mental illness.
The same sentiments were expressed against African American civil rights activists. In a strange turn of events, antipsychiatry was blamed for the destruction of the family and the rise of a therapeutic culture, and was ultimately reviled for its rejection of the medical reality of mental illness. In the course of the s and through the s, research focused on schizophrenia and its etiology. By the s, deinstitutionalization was in place.
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Antipsychiatry was also criticized as the culprit for the homelessness crisis in the s. Epilogue - Michael E.
The evidence suggests that people who live in an urban setting are far more susceptible to schizophrenia than those in a rural setting. Moreover, life events such as childhood stress and trauma are correlated with the outcomes of psychosis. The blurry line between psychosis and sanity which enabled postwar psychiatrists to expand the national agenda for mental health has been confirmed by the discovery that risk factors suspected of being symptomatic of psychotic disorders are also not uncommon in the general population.
Madness Is Civilization explores the general consensus that societal ills—from dysfunctional marriage and family dynamics to the Vietnam War, racism, and sexism—were at the root of mental illness.
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Staub chronicles the surge in influence of socially attuned psychodynamic theories along with the rise of radical therapy and psychiatric survivors' movements. Staub examines a time when many believed insanity was a sane reaction to absurd social conditions, psychiatrists were agents of repression, asylums were labour camps for society's undesirables, and mental illness was a concept with no medical basis.
Staub explores the general consensus that societal ills - from family dynamics and childrearing to the Vietnam War and racism - were the roots of mental illness.
Madness is civilization : when the diagnosis was social, (Book, ) [bersdiszopincta.ml]
He chronicles the surge in influence of psychodynamic theories advanced by Theodor Adorno, R. Laing, Thomas Szasz, and others, along with the rise of radical therapy and psychiatric survivors' movements. He shows how these theories of anti-psychiatry held unprecedented sway over an enormous range of medical, social, and political debates until a bruising backlash against these theories effectively distorted them into caricatures. The first study to explain how social diagnostic thinking emerged, 'Madness is civilization' casts new light on the politics of the postwar era.
Contents When the diagnosis was social Society as the patient Enough to drive anybody crazy Suffering from contingencies The therapeutic state The revolution in feeling The insanity trip Person envy A fashionable kind of slander. Notes Formerly CIP. Includes bibliographical references p. View online Borrow Buy Freely available Show 0 more links Set up My libraries How do I set up "My libraries"?
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Madness is Civilization
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